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Acne Causes: What is Acne? - AWC Canadian Pharmacy

Welcome to AWC Canadian Pharmacy! Our passion is to help people suffering from ACNE. We know that acne is a common problem, fortunately, there are many effective remedies for its elimination. This page is devoted to the description of acne, its types, diagnosis, best medication methods of its treatment, and much more.

It would be very ambitious to say that we will provide you with all the information about acne. There are many individual cases of the condition in patients and hundreds of options for its treatment. Nevertheless, we’ve collected the most important facts and acne pictures, which represent main sorts of the condition.

I. What Is Acne?

Acne (or acne vulgaris according to medical terminology) is one of the most widespread skin diseases, which practically every person encountered at different periods of his/her life. If you type "acne" in Google search engine field, you will receive about 158,000,000 results. The word "acne", which originates from the ancient Greek, means "point". Among common people, acne is called pimples.

It is noteworthy that this disease has a very long medical history. As early as in the sixth century AD, Aetius Ami Diensis, who served as a doctor for Justinian I, mentioned acne in his works. Under the term acne this ancient physician understood a certain process in the body culminating in the breakthrough of the skin, accompanied by the release of certain substances that were harmful to the body.

In modern medicine, acne definition is as follows: the skin condition, which occurs when follicles are plugged with oil & dead skin cells. It is manifested in different non-inflammatory & inflammatory forms that affect primarily areas of the skin where a lot of sebaceous glands are concentrated.

First of all, the face, chest, shoulders & back are affected.

II. Acne Prevalence

About 85% of male and female persons aged from 12 to 25 face this problem. Almost 90% of adolescents suffer from acne.

However, the condition affects not only teenagers.

Acne can appear from the age of 10, and in some people this skin condition is observed even after 30.

III. Causes of Acne

The cornerstone of successful acne treatment is the correct identification of the cause of its occurrence. The immediate cause of acne is the blocking of the skin follicles, as a result of which oil accumulates under the skin. Hair, dead skin and sebum accumulation causes swelling and infection resulting in acne formation.

These processes can be caused by a quantity of factors:

  • malnutrition;
  • poor hygiene;
  • makeup abuse;
  • vitamin deficiency;
  • decreased immunity;
  • disease of internal organs;
  • stressful conditions;
  • use of anabolic steroids;
  • menstruation in females;
  • hormonal disorders, etc.

Hereditary factors also matter. According to the research by K. Bhate and H. C. Williams (2013), the heritability of this condition is almost 80 per cent in first-degree relatives.

IV. Types of Acne

There are several types of acne, which are divided into two subgroups: non-inflammatory and inflammatory. The first group includes whiteheads and blackheads.

Blackheads & Whiteheads

Blackheads & whiteheads are non-inflammatory sorts of the ailment. They are also termed comedones. They are formed due to the blocking of pores by oil, dead skin and microbes without the development of inflammatory processes. If the blocked place is open, it is black (blackhead), and if it is closed, it gets a whitish tint (whitehead).

They practically do not cause discomfort except for cosmetic one. They are quite easy to treat. If you only have these forms of acne, this is not so bad.

blackheads and whiteheads


Papules are classic red pimples that occur when comedones get infected. The papules do not have a classical white top, their treatment is often quite simple, and there are practically no effects in the form of traces on the skin.

red pimples acne


Pustules are pimples with purulent filling and a specific white head. They can develop independently, but often arise from papules. The main danger of pustules is that the development of the inflammatory process as a result of untimely treatment, or an attempt to squeeze out such a pimple on their own, can cause infection in the blood, although this happens very rarely.

white head acne


Cyst is a very severe type of pimples, which by structure is a kind of formation under the skin, filled with pus. Cysts have a tendency to merge with each other, which leads to the formation of chains that affect large areas of the skin. Even full recovery after cysts will not eliminate their consequences. Cysts can leave visible acne scars, which can be eliminated, in particular by laser surgeries.

cyst type of acne


Nodular acne is a complicated stage of development of papules. This sort of the disease is usually characterized by a rather large area on the skin – up to several centimeters (inches), as well as the presence of traces (pigment spots or scars) after the completion of treatment.

nodular acne

​V. Severity of Acne

There are 4 grades that are used to determine severity of the condition:

  1. grade 1 (mild severity) – the condition is characterized mostly by comedones, there are just a few pustules and/or papules;

  2. grade 2 (moderate severity) – there are multiple pimples, which are concentrated primarily on the face;

  3. grade 3 (moderately-severe) – there are a lot of pimples (pustules, papules) on the face, chest & back are also affected; occasional nodules may be observed;

  4. grade 4 (severe) – abundant painful pustules & nodules.

VI. Acne Diagnosis

If you periodically have acne that causes concern and discomfort, you should contact a dermatologist (or general practitioner) who, most likely, will independently determine the tactics of treatment. However, in some occasions, you may need to consult an allergist, gastroenterologist and other doctors.

VII. What Shouldn’t You Do to Treat Acne?

Attempts to squeeze out the pimple on one’s own often lead to the introduction of other bacteria under the skin, resulting in the flow of acne into a more complex stage of leakage. In addition, after squeezing, the substance that is contained in the pimple can reach other pores infecting them and causing new acne. Experts say that you need to let the pimples run through their life span or contact dermatologists who use special needles and medical instruments.

If you still need to squeeze out a pimple, which really hinders and annoys you, prepare for this procedure correctly. You need to wait until the pimple is mature enough. Wash your hands well with soap and water. Take the sterilized straight pin and gently pierce the white center of the pimple. Using a cotton swab or fingers gently squeeze out the pimple. Wipe the spot of acne with alcohol. Instead of squeezing the pimple you can use anticomedogenic cosmetics that will help hide it.

VIII. Treating Acne with Powerful Medications

There are many acne treatment options available at AWC Canadian Pharmacy -

Among them are the following:

  1. Retin-A. This is a good natural remedy based on the form of vitamin A. Drugs of this group have been known in medicine for more than a hundred years. It has been scientifically proven that tretinoin (the form of vitamin A which is contained in the remedy) can not only treat but also prevent new acne. This remedy can be used to treat acne of mild and moderate severity. It can also be used to treat the effects of aging on facial skin, such as "age spots" and fine wrinkles. Link:

  2. Clindamycin Gel. This solution is used to treat the ailment having mild to moderate severity, as well as to eliminate skin infections. Topical clindamycin will not cure acne, but it will help to quickly eliminate the symptoms of this condition. Even if all the symptoms of acne go away, use this medication for the prescribed time. This antibiotic can be applied for months and even longer. It does not have such serious side effects as oral antibiotics and is well tolerated in the vast majority of cases.

  3. Differin is a simple and convenient remedy for acne, which should be applied once a day in the evening before going to bed. It is a transparent gel that penetrates deep into the pores, fighting microorganisms (bacteria) that cause the growth of pimples. This medicine comes in the form of 15g tubes, containing 0.1% of adapalene (main active agent, which belongs to the group of retinoids). Link:

  4. Benzac AC. It is a clinically proven benzoyl peroxide based drug developed to treat mild to moderate conditions. In severe forms of acne, it can be used as an element of combination therapy. It is available in the form of cream (2.5% of benzoyl peroxide) and gel (5%). The remedy works by killing acne-causing bacteria, drying pimples, and enhancing the process of skin peeling.

  5. Clarina Cream. If you prefer herbal remedies, we suggest you trying Clarina Cream, which embodied the power of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic medicine. In particular, this cream features aloe vera extract, which was used in traditional medicine to treat acne for centuries. It promotes wound healing, reduces the formation of comedones and helps reduce inflammation caused by acne vulgaris. As a rule, it is applied to the affected skin twice per day.

  6. Acne-n-Pimple Cream. It is another natural anti-acne remedy. This Himalaya product has excellent astringent, anti-inflammatory и cooling effects, which help one fight against acne. The remedy gently cools the skin and effectively cures rashes. Its mode of application is the same as that of Clarina Cream (2 times a day).

As you can see, you can choose a method of treatment suited to every fancy. If you suffer from mild to moderate acne, you can opt for retinoids or herbal remedies. In the case of severe acne, more potent medications are usually used. These are antibiotics. Consult your health care provider to make the choice that best suits you.

Medications Are Just a Part of the Treatment

Most healthcare professionals believe that the use of medicines is only part of effective anti-acne therapy. Equally significant role in this process is played by the right way of life, as well as qualitative and regular skin hygiene. The proper nutrition is also very important. In particular, it is not recommended to eat potato chips, dairy products, and chocolate.

The cosmetics used should not be comedogenic, that is, it should not clog the pores on the skin. To clean the problem skin, you can use cleaning wipes that do not contain aggressive damaging components. When bathing, do not rub the skin with washcloths. Easy movements of hands will be enough. Also, you need to protect your skin from prolonged exposure to aggressive environmental factors (sun, frost, etc.).

Reviews about Acne Medications

I periodically have acne, especially if I eat a lot of sweets. I tried to use Himalayan herbal remedies twice a day. Two weeks later I noticed that almost all acne left my skin. Traditional medicine met my expectations.

Benjamin, Ontario.

I started to have acne in my teens. Now I'm 24 and I still cannot completely get rid of them. Retin-A works well. I recently started treatment and I hope soon I will be able to completely defeat acne with this medication.

Alexander, NY.

Acne began to spoil my life somewhere from 16. Since then, I have been struggling with them. Whichever makeup I used, no matter how much money I spent on skincare remedies: it all gave a short-term effect. How did I deal with the problem, you ask? First, I adjusted the diet, almost completely excluding the sweet and dairy products. I also started using Clindamycin Gel (as directed by my family doctor), which actually gave a real effect.

Olivia, Ottawa.

Clarina Cream perfectly cleans the skin of acne! I did not even expect that I would get such a powerful effect in just two weeks. Also I'm happy that this cream is natural and does not contain chemically synthetized components.

Samuel, North Bay.

My teenage pimples were in the distant past… When all this happened, I was 27-28 years old. At first everything began harmlessly, a pimple appeared on the neck under the chin, later it began to multiply: there were rashes symmetrically on the other side. After several unsuccessful attempts of treatment, I began to use Differin. The dermatologist warned that the treatment would be long (2-3 weeks minimum), because of Differin’s cumulative effect. A few months later, I felt a great relief.

Rosalie, Winnipeg.

I have been suffering from mild acne and blackheads since my adolescence. I started applying Benzac AC. It’s worth noting that this product is cheap. 5% cream is enough to treat mild acne. However, you can use 10% gel to treat acne faster. Do not forget to moisturize the skin after use, since this product tends to dry it.

Joshua, Minneapolis.

I have been using Clindamycin Gel along with tretinoin gel. Now my skin is 95% better, some pimples may occur occasionally. Thanks a lot.

J. Bailey, Sudbury.

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